The Vatican Discovery Doctrine, United States Supreme Court and Garveyland Independence

The Vatican Discovery Doctrine, United States Supreme Court and Garveyland Independence

In 1823, the Vatican Discovery Doctrine was overtly adopted as legal precedence by the Supreme Court in Johnson v. McIntosh, 21 U.S. (8 Wheat.) 543. Then Chief Justice John Marshall, writing the unanimous decision of the court observed that Christian European nations had assumed “ultimate dominion” over the lands of North America during the so-called […]